Effective Design Objectives for a Successful Building Project

A successful project must focus on the implementation of effective design objectives. It is essential to identify project goals early in the building and ensure that interdependencies of all the building systems are well coordinated from the planning phase to the programming phase. It is essential to understand the relationship between all the design objectives and evaluated properly before implementation. The various design objectives that should be analyzed and followed for a successful building project mentioned below:




Accessible is related to the building elements, heights and clearances that are used to address the defined requirements of disabled people. There should be space for flexibility in the plan to offer easy and equal access to all people.




Aesthetics relates to the outlook and appearance of the building spaces and elements and the included design process. The elements of design and their application must be well understood before implementation.




Selection of building elements should be done on the basis of life- cycle costs that include design development, value engineering and weighing options during concepts. Besides the basic cost estimating and budget control also affects the cost effectiveness of a building construction. Economic analysis should be used to evaluate design alternatives. Non-monetary benefits like aesthetics, historic preservation, and security should also be considered. Besides, throughout the planning, design, and development process cost management should be utilized.


Effective Design Objectives for a Successful Building Project


Functional/ Operational


The functional design objective is related to the functional programming which includes spatial requirements, system performance, durability and proficient maintenance of building elements. Maintaining an account for functional needs, the objective ensures proper integration of products and systems and meets the performance objectives.


Historic Preservation


Historic Preservation pertains to definite actions within a historic district or having impact on a historic building whereby building factors and strategies are sorted into one of the four approaches that include preservation, restoration, rehabilitation, and reconstruction. It must be ensured that the preservation process is applied successfully and building systems are updated appropriately. It requires accommodation of life safety requirements. The accessibility requirements should also be fulfilled.




Productive design objective pertains to occupants' physical well-being and psychological comfort, including building elements such as distribution of air, lighting, systems, workspaces, and technology. All the technological tools should be well integrated and reliable systems and spaces should be confirmed. This design objective enhances and promotes health and well-being and provides comfortable environments.


Secure/ Safe


Pertaining to the protection of occupants and their assets from man-made hazards and natural calamities, this design objective helps in preventing fire hazards, enhances the safety and security of the health and assets of the building occupants.




Related to the environmental performance of building elements and strategies, this objective aims at optimizing the site potential, energy usage and conserves & protects water. It also promotes the usage of greener materials and optimizes operational and maintenance practices.

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